Publications of the World Competitiveness Center

Explore our different publications and options for subscriptions

Publications of the World Competitiveness Center

Explore our different publications and options for subscriptions

Our publications

Every year, the IMD World Competitiveness Center publishes its rankings of the competitiveness of countries, digital competitiveness, and talent. In  2021, the results for 64 countries with a new one, Botswana, are included.

World Competitiveness Yearbook

The IMD World Competitiveness Yearbook (WCY) is the leading annual report on the competitiveness of countries and has been published by IMD since 1989. It benchmarks the performance of 64 economies based on more than 330 criteria measuring different facets of competitiveness. There are three main sections in the World Competitiveness Yearbook:

Competitiveness Rankings

The Competitiveness Ranking is complemented by several breakdowns of the overall ranking. For example, rankings split by population size, by wealth or by region (Europe-Middle East-Africa, Asia-Pacific, and the Americas). In addition, the five-year evolution of overall and factor rankings is available.


Competitiveness Country profiles

For each of the 64 countries, we have conducted an in-depth analysis showing overall performance, challenges, the competitiveness landscape, greatest improvements and biggest declines, strengths and weaknesses, and evolution.


Statistical tables

We have created criteria rankings of the 64 countries (over 330 tables) to enable easy country comparisons.

Texts on competitiveness analysis, methodology, FAQs, a list of all the information providers, and detailed notes and sources are also provided.

World Competitiveness Package

IMD World Competitiveness Online is a unique and comprehensive database on the competitiveness of nations. It includes time series from the IMD World Competitiveness Yearbook, the leading annual report published by IMD since 1989, including the IMD World Talent ranking since 2014 and the IMD World Digital Competitiveness Ranking since 2017.

Statistics are updated as soon as new information becomes available. This is ideal if you wish to work with the data.

Software based on the latest technology provides a powerful and unique user experience.

Country profiles

For each country, we provide competitiveness trends, country evolution, and strengths and weaknesses as well as all statistical data, including more than 330 criteria (values) as a 2-page PDF.

View a snapshot of the basic facts and competitiveness landscape for each country and download a sample profile in the free version of IMD World Competitiveness Online (10 pages on Competitiveness, Digital and Talent rankings)

Data are broken down according to four main factors:

  • Economic performance (81 criteria): A macro-economic evaluation of the domestic economy, employment trends, and prices.
  • Government efficiency (72 criteria): The extent to which government policies are conducive to competitiveness.
  • Business efficiency (74 criteria): The extent to which the national environment encourages enterprises to perform in an innovative, profitable and responsible manner.
  • Infrastructure (107 criteria): The extent to which basic, technological, scientific and human resources meet the needs of business.

The IMD World Competitiveness Yearbook is not just an important tool for us to promote Switzerland’s innovativeness in Japan. It is also a great instrument to highlight where both Switzerland and Japan can still improve to become even more successful in the near future.

Dr Matthias Frey Head, Science & Technology Office Tokyo, Embassy of Switzerland, Japan

World Competitiveness Online provides a comprehensive range of reliable data for a considerable number of countries, in a user-friendly format. It is very useful for many business and economics students at Warwick University.

Helen Riley Economics, Law, Official Publications, EDC and Statistical Data Librarian, Warwick University Library, United Kingdom

IMD World Competitiveness Online is an excellent tool for our faculty and students and we highly recommend it as a trusted source offering comparable data.

Birgit Brejnebøl Special Consultant, CBS Library, Copenhagen Business School, Denmark
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